OverviewLanguage OverviewFunc RecsTop-Level Namespace


Axon is a programming language used for scripting within Haxall and SkySpark. Most functionality can be accessed through Axon:

  • query Folio tag database
  • perform data transformations such as rollups and normalizations
  • creating your own function libraries
  • computations for the rule engine are written in Axon
  • create custom reports
  • scripts for data import
  • background tasks for data synchronization and maintenance

One of the pivotal features is that all queries to the database/analytics engine are full Axon expressions:

// find all the records with power tag

// same as above

// find all recs with power and read history data for yesterday

// find peak kW for yesterday for all power recs
readAll(power).hisRead(yesterday).hisRollup(max, 1day)

This design allows great flexibility scaling up from simple queries to powerful data transformation pipelines - all using a single general purpose syntax.

Language Overview

Axon is a full general purpose programming language characterized as follows:

  • simple: the language syntax is minimal and designed to be fully learned in a single session
  • functional: everything is a function (the language is not object oriented); closures are heavily used by the language and the library to concisely express data transformations
  • dynamic typing: you do not declare types for variables
  • tag oriented: the language is designed to work in conjunction with the Folio database tag model
  • component oriented: Axon provides specialized syntax to create software components
  • time-series oriented: the language has dedicated syntax and a rich library of functions for working with time series data such as time, date, and date range literals
  • unit oriented: all numbers in Axon and Folio can be annotated with an explicit unit of measurement which is checked and carried through during arithmetic

Experienced programmers should be able to pick up Axon very quickly, however, a grounding in functional programming will definitely help.

The Axon Language chapter digs into the syntax of the Axon language.

Func Recs

Function records define new top-level functions with the following tags:

  • def: programmatic name of the function as symbol "func:{name}"
  • src: Axon source code for function as string tag

Here is a simple add function:

def: ^func:myAdd
  (a, b) => a + b

In SkySpark only, an older style of function definitions may use the func and name tag:

name: "myAdd"
  (a, b) => a + b

Top-Level Namespace

The top-level namespace of a runtime project is defined by:

  1. core functions
  2. named func records
  3. libs enabled by the runtime

The following functions are useful for working with the top-level function namespace:

  • funcs(): list or match functions defined in the top-level namespace
  • func(): resolve a function in the top-level namespace

Qualified Names

The name used in a function call can be either qualified or unqualified. Qualified functions specify an explicit library namespace using double colons:

equip::toPoints  // qualified in "equip" ext namespace

Unqualified function names are resolved by the implicit namespace which is searched in this order:

  1. local namespace of function (parameter/variable names)
  2. func records
  3. runtime libs

Function Overrides

If an lib function is tagged as overridable, then you can override it by declaring a function record with the same name. Functions resolved as a project rec take priority over the function defined by the extension.

Attempts to override an ext function not marked as overridable will report an error and your rec function will not be accessible. For testing you can disable these checks on a per project basis by adding the marker tag disableOverridableChecks to the projMeta record.

You can access the built-in function in your override using its qualified name:

geoTz(val) => do
  // handle special case
  if (val["geoCountry"] == "RU") return "Moscow"

  // route back to built-in version
  return geo::geoTz(val)